Video Transcript: Water Softener System : How it works!!

Hey what’s up guys welcome to another episode of pan the organizer. On today’s show we’re going to talk about water softeners systems. So what they are and how they work. How to do their proper maintenance. We’re gonna discuss the differences between hard water and soft water. And I’m going to show you a lab analysis results of the water hardness levels in my home.

So before I added the system and after I added the water softener system to see if it performs as expected. As in all my videos I’ll keep things super simple and once you’re done watching you’ll learn everything there is to know about water softener systems. so without further redo let’s go ahead and start the show.

So hey guys I’m pan welcome back to all my regular viewers and for all of you for whom it’s the first time that you watch one of my videos. I strongly recommend that you click that subscribe button that way you won’t miss my future videos. Alright so today we talk about water softeners. These machines essentially reduce the water contaminants and scale buildup and extend the lifespan of your home appliances. So what is hard water essentially hard water contains a large amounts of dissolved calcium magnesium iron, and other particles. So depending on what country and even which city you’re living in you can have hard water coming in from your main city source.

So among the main disadvantages of having hard water come into your home :
1) It can leave a film of soap scum on your dishes and bathroom fixtures

2) It can cause mineral buildup in your appliances and your pipes

3) It can reduce the efficiency of your heating elements in water heaters

4) It can produce corrosion and rust

5) It reduces the lather of soap and shampoo during showers and baths and

6) It can make your laundry feel stiffer and look less vibrant

So to determine if you have hard water you need to take a water sample from your tap and bring it to your local dealer to have it analyzed. Water hardness is measured in milligrams per liter. Soft water has a hardness range of less than twenty milligrams per liter. Hard water comes in at 121 to over a hundred and eighty milligrams per liter there are also some visual signs to let you know that your water might be hard. It will leave soap scum behind on your sinks and in your bathtub and it will also lead to scale buildup in washing machines, dishwashers, water heaters humidifiers and coffee makers. So this is where a water softener system comes into play.

Now this is an ion exchange system meaning it will remove all of the metal particles and contaminants from your water. Act like a magnetic sponge to pull those minerals away and leave you with soft water. So how they work essentially they take the water coming in from your main water supply line . It runs through a tank that contains resin so there are tons of little ionic beads in there and the water flows through that resin. And the resin takes away all the hard minerals so calcium magnesium and iron and other contaminants removes it from your water and then returns some nice clean water for your home.

So a water softener system contains two tanks, the main tank in which we have the resin that cleans away the water and makes it soft. And then we have a second tank that contains salt so if we open the second tank you can see there are some fine particles of salt in there some typical salt. So at the bottom of this salt tank, there’s also some water in order to create a salt brine. So every couple of days this salt brine is flushed into the resin tank to clean away. In a wash away, all those hardness ions and those hard ions get then rinsed and sent into your waste water drain.
So it’s that simple maintenance is super easy. There’s nothing to do other than add bags of salt into the tank so every month or so just look in and if you see that there’s some salt missing. You take your bag, you pour it in there, you close the lid back up you seal it. And you’re good to go these machines will run anywhere from 15 to 20 years depending on their use. The typical household with two adults will go through one or two bags per month and at an average cost of five dollars per bag that’s roughly a hundred and twenty dollars per year. So it’s quite economical there are many advantages of using a water softener system so none you’re lowering your energy costs.

By reducing the scale buildup in your water heater, you can reduce the amount of soap you need in order to create lathe. You extend the lifetime of plumbing. You get a silkier feel of the water when washing your clothes . Will feel softer and they’ll look more vibrant after you’re done washing them and also your skin will feel much softer and your hair as well. So hopefully you can see this well but essentially the water flows into the city goes through a pre-filter to capture all the bigger particles. It then gets sent into the resin tank so this is where the ion exchange takes place and this is where your water gets softened. So every four to five days or whenever the system needs it, there’s a regeneration process for the resin.

And so as we explained there is a salt brine contained in the second tank. It gets sent into the resin tank to flush it out and then it gets rinsed in to your wastewater drain. Now the text to install my system were nice enough to keep a cutout of the original water supply piping that was coming through the city. And keep in mind my home is fairly new. It was built new in 2012 so it’s only five years old. And look at this the water pipe already contained some metal particles that are deposited on the sides of the piping. And you can see limescale build-up as well all that orange gunk. And this pipe is supposed to be white and already look how it changed color. If hard water can do this to a fairly new home.

Imagine when it can do to your pipes in a period of 5-10 or 20 years so to test for the efficiency and performance of the water softener system. I went ahead and had a lab analysis done of my tap water before I added the water softener and after I added the water softener system. So if we look at the numbers, the three key figures here are the total water hardness. So before I added the system it was at a level of 40 milligrams per liter of calcium carbonate. The iron total was at point 4 milligrams per liter and the manganese total was at point O-4 milligrams per liter. So these were still either below the norm and the standard or close to it. So my water wasn’t really hard per se. So if we now look at the lab analysis report for the tap water after I added the water softener system the numbers speak for themselves. So the total water hardness levels dropped to 20 milligrams per liter of calcium carbonate. The iron total dropped to 0.3 milligrams per liter and the manganese total dropped to just point zero two milligrams per liter. So all within recommended spec for soft water.

So guys I hope I was able to demystify it what a water softener system is and what it does. If you liked this video click the thumbs up button also. You’ll be able to click the card above and watch my other DIY videos if you like my content and want to see more. You got to make sure to click the subscribe button that’s found under this video that way you’ll subscribe to my channel and never miss my future videos. So that’s it for me guys thanks for watching and in the meantime don’t forget keep it tight. keep it clean and I’ll see you on the next one.

Some Frequently Asked Questions

The mineral deposits cling to the resin and the now-softened water exits the softener tank and flows throughout the house. … During regeneration, salty water from the brine tank flows up the fill tube and into the softener tank. A rinse cycle commences and the salty water washes the mineral deposits off the resin beads.
7 Signs You Need A Water Softener
  1. You notice scale buildup on your appliances. If you have scale, you likely have hard water. …
  2. Your skin and air is dry. …
  3. Your clothes are gray and faded. …
  4. You see stains on the sinks and bathtubs. …
  5. Your plumbing is in constant need of repair. …
  6. Your water bill is skyrocketing. …
  7. Your glassware is brittle and easily damaged.

All salt based water softeners use the process of ion exchange to create soft water. Inside a water softener is a vessel of resin beads. Hard water passes over the resin beads which extract the hard minerals (calcium and magnesium) and replace them with harmless sodium ions.

However, there has been no official verdict to state that drinking softened water is a problem and softened water is considered safe to drink. … Softened water doesn’t contain unhealthy amounts of sodium, in an average hard water area a 250ml glass of softened water would contribute to 1% of your daily sodium intake.

So–yes you can use water during regeneration but it may have some undesirable results. Is it ok to use water while the softener system is regenerating? If you use twin-tank systems, then there is no worry. You can use water while it is regenerating.

Recharge takes approximately 2 hours to complete. The frequency of how often the water softener will recharge depends on factors like water hardness level and household water usage.
Best Water Softener Reviews – (Updated List)
  • ABCwaters Built Fleck 5600sxt. …
  • Nuvo H20 DPHB Home Salt Water Softener System. …
  • Fleck 9100SXT Dual Tank Water Softener. …
  • Eddy Water Descaler Electronic Water Softener. …
  • Tier1 Digital Water Softener For Hard Water. …
  • Morton System Saver Water Softener.
Softener Won’t Stop Running/Draining

This could be due to a clogged drain line/control, injector/venturi or brine line/valve. It might also be that the valve assembly in the salt tank cannot move or that water pressure in your house is too low (measure and adjust accordingly). Any blockages have to be removed.


In some waters, dissolved iron components are mainly the cause of the yellowing as they simply pass through the softener and these can cause fouling of the softener bed. In such cases, softeners are advised not to be used. Also, you might have yellow water because of a faulty solenoid.
What are the benefits of having a water softener?
  • Cleaner and shinier silverware, glassware, mirrors, tiles, cars, or any plumbing fixtures.
  • Softer skin and clean, smooth hair.
  • Reduced soap curd makes cleaning easier and reduces housework.
  • Uses less soap and shampoo because of the rich lather softened water and soap produces.


*The information above does not constitute legal advice or opinion, nor is it a substitute for the professional judgment of a qualified attorney.